Wednesday, 20 November 2013

Negative Sentence in present continuous tense in Gujarati

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Negative sentence in are present continuous tense very easy to create from corresponding positive sentence.

Positive sentence structure is 

Doer of action
verb + (I)
Form of રહેવું
 (“rahevuM”)
Form of હોવું
 (“hovuM”) as in Present Tense
અમે (ame)
કરી (karI)
રહ્યાં(rahyAM)
છીએ(ChIe)

In negative sentence, we do not use Form of હોવું (“hovuM”). Instead we use word નથી(nathi) for all genders and multiplicity and persons. Generally નથી(nathi) is said before,verb + (I)

So negative sentence structure is  

Doer of action
નથી(nathi)

verb + (I)
Form of રહેવું
 (“rahevuM”)
અમે (ame)
નથી(nathi)
કરી (karI)
રહ્યાં(rahyAM)


Below I have given both positive and negative setnence, thus it is easy to compare 

Examples:-
(If a boy says) I am doing :- હું કરી રહ્યો છું(huM karI rahyo ChuM)
(If a boy says) I am not doing :- હું નથી કરી રહ્યો (huM nathi karI rahyo )

(If a girl says) I am doing :- હું કરી રહી છું(huM karI rahI ChuM)
(If a girl says) I am not doing :- હું નથી કરી રહી (huM nathi karI rahI )

(To a girl) You are laughing :- તું હસી રહી છે (tuM hasI rahI Che )
(To a girl) You are not laughing :- તું નથી હસી રહી  (tuM nathi hasI rahI )

Tree is moving :- ઝાડ હલી રહ્યું છે ( jhAD halI rahyuM Che )
Tree is not moving :- ઝાડ નથી હલી રહ્યું ( jhAD nathi halI rahyuM )

My teeth are moving :- મારાં  દાંત હલી રહ્યાં છે ( mArAM dAMt halI rahyAM Che ) 
My teeth are not moving :- મારાં  દાંત નથી હલી રહ્યાં  ( mArAM dAMt nathi halI rahyAM ) 

He(polite form) is coming :- તેઓ આવી રહ્યા છે ( teo AvI rahyA Che )
He(polite form) is not coming :- તેઓ નથી આવી રહ્યા ( teo nathi AvI rahyA )

Ram is playing :- રામ રમી રહ્યો છે ( rAm ramI rahyo Che)
Ram is not playing :- રામ નથી રમી રહ્યો  ( rAm nathi ramI rahyo )


Note that નથી(nathI) can also come after verb
e.g. રામ નથી રમી રહ્યો  ( rAm nathi ramI rahyo ) is same as રામ રમી રહ્યો નથી   ( rAm ramI rahyo nathi  )
તેઓ નથી આવી રહ્યાteo nathi AvI rahyA ) is same as તેઓ આવી રહ્યા નથી  teo AvI rahyA nathi  )
etc. similarly for other examples. 

Listen examples in this lesson at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gat0iXKSNvY
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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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