Saturday, 23 November 2013

Preposition "TO" in Gujarati

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The preposition To in English is ને ( ne ) in Gujarati
So, To Ram -> રામને  ( rAmane )
To Sita ->  સીતાને (sItAne )

But preposition “To” is handled bit differently in Gujarati when used with pronouns.
Special forms are created incorporating ને ( ne ) to pronouns. So no need to add ને ( ne ) again.

e.g. “to him” in English is તેને ( tene) in Gujarati
Notice this special form already has ને ( ne ) In it. So no need to add ને ( ne ) again.

Below table has list of forms for all pronouns.

Pronoun in English
Pronoun in Gujarati
Pronoun form with pronoun “To”
I
હું (huM)
મને  (mane )
we
અમે (ame)
અમને  (amane )
we ( listener including)
આપણે(ApaNe)
આપણને  (ApaNane )
You (singular)
તું(tuM)
તને  (tane )
You (plural)
તમે(tame)
તમને  (tamane )
He /She /It
(when person or thing is near )
/ This (m./f/n.)
આ(A)
આને  (Ane )
He /She /It
(when person or thing is far )
/ That (m./f./n.)
  (e)

તે(te) 
એને  (ene )

તેને  (tene )
They
તેઓ(teo)
તેમને  (temane )/
તેઓને  (teone )
These

Those
આ(A)

 (e)
આમને (Amane)

એમને  (emane )

Give me water -> મને પાણી આપ (mane pANI Ap)
Father, tell it to him -> બાપુ, એને આ કહો  (bApu, ene A kaho )
Give it to Ram -> રામને આપ  (rAmane Ap )
Give it to Sita -> સીતાને આપ  (sItAne Ap )
Hang it to tree -> ઝાડ ને લટકાવ  (jhAD ne laTakAv )
Ask him(polite)  -> તેમને/તેઓને પૂછ  (temane/teone pUCh )

Listen in this lesson online at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKBSEsbVk2Q

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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