Tuesday, 10 December 2013

Using "To Want" "To Need" with other verbs in Gujarati

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We had seen independent use of "To Want". 
http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/using-verb-to-want-in-gujarati.html
We can use “want” along with other verb to indicate desire for some activity.
e.g. I want to watch this movie.
She wanted to eat burger.
She 
wants to visit doctor.

In Gujarati sentence formation is :- 



Form of subject with preposition "To".
For first and second persons, different forms are used.                  
object        
Main verb + form of વો(vo) as per gender and multiplicity of object
form of  “હોવું”(hovuM) as per object and tense
મારે   (mAre )  
કેરી(kerI)
ખાવી (khAvI )હતી   (hatI )


For first and second persons, different forms are used which we have studied in lesson of "To Want i.e. http://learn-gujarati-from-english.blogspot.in/2013/11/using-verb-to-want-in-gujarati.html 

As you would have guessed, form of વો(vo) are 

Masculine singular
વો  (vo)
Feminine Singular/ Plural
વી  (vI)
Neuter Singular
વું  (vuM)
Masculine plural
વા  (vA)
Neuter plural
વાં  (vAM)
I want to eat mango -> મારે કેરી ખાવી છે (mAre kerI khAvI Che )
I want to eat mangoes -> મારે કેરીઓ ખાવી છે (mAre kerIo khAvI Che)

You(plural) want to eat a fruit -> તમારે ફળ ખાવું છે (tamAre phaL khAvuM Che)
You(plural) want to eat fruits -> તમારે ફળો ખાવાં છે (tamAre phaLo khAvAM Che)

He want to see a picture -> એને ચિત્ર જોવું છે (ene chitr jovuM Che)
He wanted to see a picture -> એને ચિત્ર જોવું હતું (ene chitr jovuM hatuM)

You wanted to say a story -> તારે કથા કહેવી હતી  (tane kathA kahevI hatI )


If object is unknown then we will use વું  (vuM)
e.g. 
What do you want to eat ? -> તારે શું ખાવું છે (tAre shuM khAvuM Che)

What do you want to do ? -> તારે શું કરવું છે (tAre shuM karavuM Che)


For અકર્મક verb ( i.e. the verb that does not require noun) form will always be be વું  (vuM)
I want to run -> મારે દોડવું છે (mane doDavuM Che)
We want to laugh -> અમારે/આપણે હસવું છે (amAre/ApaNE hasavuM  Che)

Similarly negative sentences will be formed using previously seen rules

I do not want to eat mango -> મારે કેરી નથી ખાવી   (mAre kerI nathI khAvI )


He does not want to see a picture -> એને ચિત્ર નથી જોવું (ene chitr nathI jovuM )
He did not want to see a picture -> એને ચિત્ર જોવું નહોતું (ene chitr jovuM nahotuM)

You did not want to say a story -> તારે કથા કહેવી નહોતી  (tAre  kathA kahevI nahotI)

Listen examples in this lesson at
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nf9TEvns8yc

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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