Sunday, 26 January 2014

Phrase "To Make Someone do something" in Gujarati

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In English we use sentences like "I will make him work", "That joke made him laugh" etc.
So we use phrase here as "to make one do something".

Gujarati sentences are same as saying "I will get it done from someone". So In Gujarati we say it 
હું તેની પાસે કામ કરાવડાવીશ (huM tenI pAse kAm karAvaDAvIsh), હું તેની પાસે બોલાવડાવીશ (huM tenI pAse bolAvaDAvIsh) etc.

Here we first change the verb stem by appending આવડાવ (AvaDAv)

Original verb stem+ આવડાવ (AvaDAv) = Verb stem to be used
કર  (kar) +  આવડાવ (AvaDAv) = કરાવડા  (karAvaDAv)
હસ (has) + આવડાવ (AvaDAv)  = હસાવડા (hasAvaDAv )

If beginning letter of verb has (A) sound in it, then it is changed to (a)
ચાલ (chAl) changed to ચલ(chal) + આવડાવ (AvaDAv)  = ચલાવડા (chalAvaDAv  )
માર (mAr) changed to મર (mar) + આવડાવ (AvaDAv)  = મરાવડાવ  (marAvaDAv  )

If verb stem is single letter and has has (A) sound in it, then it is changed to (a) and (A)” of આવડાવ (AvaDAv) is also omitted
ખા (khA) changed to (kh) + વડાવ (AvaDAv)  = વડાવ  (khavaDAv  )
ગા (gA) changed to (g) + વડાવ (AvaDAv)  = વડાવ  (gavaDAv  )

In other irregular verb stems, starting “(A)” of આવડાવ (AvaDAv)  is omitted
પી (pI) + વડાવ (AvaDAv)  = પીવડાવ (pIvaDAv)
ધો(dho) + વડાવ (AvaDAv)  = ધોવડાવ (dhovaDAv)


Needless to say, form of verb follows the general rules of sentence formation. i.e. 
For present and future tense the form of  is as per subject i.e. કર્તા
For past tense it is as per object i.e. કર્મ

And we use proposition “-ની પાસે” (nI pAse) through whom activity is actually done. Examples will make it clear.

Examples :- 


I make him say the truth -> હું એની પાસે સત્ય બોલાવડાવું છું (huM enI pAse saty bolAvaDAvuM ChuM)
I made him say the truth -> મેં એની પાસે સત્ય બોલાવડાવ્યું (meM enI pAse saty bolAvaDAvyuM)
I will make him say the truth ->  હું એની પાસે સત્ય બોલાવડાવીશ (huM enI pAse saty bolAvaDAvIsh)

He made me work -> તેણે મારી પાસે કામ કરાવડાવ્યું (teNe mArI pAse kAm karAvaDAvyuM)
He makes me work -> તે મારી પાસે કામ કરાવડાવે છે (te mArI pAse kAm karAvaDAve Che)
He will make me work -> તે મારી પાસે કામ કરાવડાવશે (te mArI pAse kAm karAvaDAvashe)

Peter made Mary eat mango-> પીટરે મેરી પાસે કેરી ખવડાવી (pITare merI pAse kerI khavaDAvI )

They made us wash the one pot -> તેમણે અમારા પાસે એક વાસણ ધોવડાવ્યું (temaNe amArA pAse ek vAsaN dhovaDAvyuM)
They made us wash many pots -> તેમણે અમારા પાસે બહુ વાસણ ધોવડાવ્યાં (temaNe amArA pAse bahu vAsaN dhovaDAvyAM )





Sentence formation with  અકર્મક (akarmak) verbs
Consider અકર્મક (akarmak) verbs e.g. to come, to go , to sit etc. 
And consider sentences -> "I will get it gone by him"; "I will get it come by him"; "I will get it sat by him".  All these sound awkward.
So as you would have guessed such sentences can not be prepared in Gujarati in above way. So you will use alternate ways 

I will make him go -> 
I will try so that he will go ->
હું એવો પ્રયત્ન કરીશ કે એ જશે (huM evo prayatn karIsh ke e jashe)

OR 
I will do such a way, so that he will have to go  ->
હું એવું કરીશ કે એને જવું પડશે  (huM evuM karIsh ke ene javuM paDashe)
etc.


Listen this lesson online at :-


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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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