Tuesday, 24 December 2013

Sentence using "Used to" phrase in Gujarati

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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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In English we use the phrase “used to” to indicate repetitive events in past.
e.g. I used to go to morning walk when I was in school.
He used to play bad before he got the coaching.

Sentence structure in Gujarati  is :-
Subject      verb+suffix   form of verb હોવું(hovuM)

Suffix depends on gender rather than person (first, second or third)
Refer suffixes mentioned in lesson

For Form of હોવું(hovuM) refer 

Using this information sentences can be formed as follows :- 

I(boy) used to do :- હું કરતો હતો  (huM karato hato)
She used to speak :- એ બોલતી હતી  (e bolatI hatI)
He used to dance :- એ નાચતો હતો  (e nAchato hato)
He used to eat mangoes :- એ કેરીઓ ખાતો હતો   (te kerIo khAto hato )
They(plural of he)  used to eat mangoes :- તેઓ કેરીઓ ખાતા હતા  (teo kerIo khAtA hatA)
They(plural of she)  used to eat mangoes :- તેઓ કેરીઓ ખાતી હતી (teo kerIo khAtI hatI )
She(polite) used to play cricket :- તેઓ ક્રીકેટ રમતાં હતાં  (teo krIkeT ramatAM hatAM)

Negative sentences will be prepared by using negative form of verb હોવું (hovuM). For them Refer lesson

I(boy) did not use to do :- હું કરતો નહોતો  (huM karato nahoto)
She did not use to speak :- એ બોલતી નહોતી   (e bolatI nahotI )
He did not use to dance :- એ નાચતો નહોતો  (e nAchato nahoto)
He did not use to eat mangoes :- એ કેરીઓ ખાતો નહોતો  (te kerIo khAto nahoto )
They(plural of he)  did not use to eat mangoes :- તેઓ કેરીઓ ખાતા નહોતા  (teo kerIo khAtA nahotA)
They(plural of she) did not use to eat mangoes :- તેઓ કેરીઓ ખાતી નહોતી (teo kerIo khAtAM nahotI)
She(polite) did not use to play cricket :- તેઓ ક્રીકેટ રમતાં નહોતાં (teo krIkeT ramatAM nahotAM )


Note :-  Sometimes such sentences are used to indicate past continuous tense.  The context of the sentence will say if it is "used to" kind statement or "past continuous".
e.g. 
એક વાર એ જંગલમાં જતો હતો. (ek vAr e jaMgalamAM jato hato. )
એ શિકાર કરવા રોજ જંગલમાં જતો હતો. ( e shikAr karavA roj jato hato. )

First sentence is about one instance. So it is past continuous tense.
Second sentence is about everyday routine, so it is of "used to" kind sentence. So translations will be :-

એક વાર એ જંગલમાં જતો હતો. (ek vAr e jaMgalamAM jato hato. ) -> Once he was going into jungle.
એ શિકાર કરવા રોજ જંગલમાં જતો હતો. ( e shikAr karavA roj jato hato. ) -> He used to go to jungle for hunting.

Listen in this lesson online at
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kWaR78-G10



In English the present tense of “used to“ conveys different meaning. It conveys familiarity of action.e.g I am used to lifting heavy weights.
Here “am used to” indicates that action of “lifting heavy weights” is familiar/easier to me.
So in English we do not have any parallel phrase to indicate present tense of “used to”.
So you need to understand it without example from English.

“used to” says that event occurred frequently in past. Then present tense form of "used to" in Gujarati will indicate that event occurs frequently/regularly in present.

Sentence formation is same as above i.e.

Subject      verb+suffix   form of verb હોવું(hovuM)

Suffix depends on gender rather than person (first, second or third)
Refer suffixes mentioned in lesson
Form of verb હોવું(hovuM) is bit different, as follows


Pronoun in English
Pronoun in Gujarati
Form of હોવું
 (“hovuM”)


હું  (huM)
હોઉં છું  (houM ChuM)
we
અમે  (ame)
હોઈએ છીએ(hoIe ChIe)
we ( listener including)
આપણે  (ApaNe)
You (singular )
તું  (tuM)
હોય છે  (hoy Che)
You (plural)
તમે  (tame)
હો છો  (ho Cho)
He/She/It/This/That  


આ/એ/તે  (A/e/te)
હોય છે  (hoy Che)
They / Those
(m./f/n.)
તેઓ/ એ  (teo /e)
હોય છે  (hoy Che)


You need not feel overwhelmed by looking at these forms. If you give a closer look, you will realize these forms are created same way as we create form of other verbs in simple present tense.
e.g. કરું છું (karuM ChuM) , બોલું છું (boluM ChuM).. same way હોઉં છું  (houM ChuM)
કરીએ છીએ (karIe ChIe), બોલીએ છીએ(bolIe ChIe)..same way હોઈએ છીએ(hoIe ChIe)
જાય છે(jAy Che), ખાય છે(khAy Che ) .. same way હોય છે (hoy Che)
In short, the verb "hovuM" appears as main verb as well as supporting verb.

So lets see full sentence examples :- 

He is used to dance :-  એ નાચતો હોય છે(e nAchato hoy Che)
She is used to dance :-  એ નાચતી હોય છે(e nAchatI hoy Che)
I(boy) am used to speak :- હું બોલતો હોઉં છું(huM bolato houM ChuM)
You (plural) are used to laugh :- તમે હસતા હો છો(tame hasatA ho Cho)
We are used to sing every morning :- અમે દરરોજ સવારે ગાતા હોઈએ છીએ(ame dararoj savAre gAtA hoIe ChIe)
Yes, in front of stadium. I am used to be there only :- હા, સ્ટેડિયમ સામે. હું ત્યાં જ હોઉં છું(hA, sTeDiyam sAme. huM tyAM j houM ChuM)
She is used to be quiet, always :- એ હંમેશા શાંત હોય છે (e shAMt hoy Che)


Negative sentence will be same as negative sentence in simple present test.


He is not used to dance -> He does not dance ->  એ નથી નાચતો (e nathI nAchato)
She is not used to dance -> She does not dance ->  એ નથી નાચતી (e nAchatI hoy Che)

Even if there is no other verb and હોવું(hovuM) itself is main verb; sentence structure is still same. But instead of form of main verb like કરતો, બોલતી, નાચતું (karato, bolatI, nAchatuM) you will see form of હોવું(hovuM) viz. હોતો, હોતી, હોતું, હોતા,હોતી, હોતાં  (hoto, hotI, hotuM, hotA,hotI, hotAM). As follows :-
 
I(boy) am not used to be there :- હું ત્યાં નથી હોતો(huM tyAMj nathI hoto)
That is not used to be easy:- એ સહેલું નથી હોતું (e saheluM nathI hotuM)

God, your way of examination is not good :- પ્રભુ! તારી પરીક્ષાની રીત સારી નથી હોતી (prabhu! tArI parIkShAnI rIt sArI nathI hotI)

Listen this lesson online at
https://youtu.be/HL30-iW9CJk




 
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Note :-  Right hand side of the blog shows "Blog Archive". Expand it fully to see whole list of posts to Learn Gujarati. Learn Gujarati grammar and many aspects Gujarati language online.
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